China

Flag_of_the_People's_Republic_of_China

 

Date(s) visited: June 2014

Location: South East Asia

Bordering Countries: Russia, India, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Pakistan, Burma/Myanmar, Afghanistan, Vietnam, Laos, Kyrgzstan, Nepal, Tajikistan, North Korea, Bhutan

Capital City: Beijing

Other Main Cities: Shanghai, Hong Kong (Xianggang), Guangzhou, Chengdu, Shenzhen, Xi’an, Wuhan, Tianjin, Taipei, Lhasa, Macau, Hangzhou, Suzhou, Nanjing

Language(s): Standard Mandarin (Mainland and Taiwan), Cantonese (Hong Kong and Macau), English (Singapore), Portuguese (Macau) plus Mongolian, Tibetan, Uyghur and Zhuang

Population: 1.3 billion+

Religion: Chinese Folk and Taoism (30-80%), Atheism (59%) Buddhism (15%), Christianity (4%), Islam (2%)

Currency: Chinese Yuan Renminbi (CNY)

National Airlines: Air China

Known for: The Great Wall of China, Terracotta Army, architecture, one child policy, pollution, martial arts, Feng Shui, pandas, high population, dragons, fortune cookies, cheap products, rice, noodles, tea

Celebrations and Festivals: Chinese New Year, Lantern Festival, Qingming Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival, Spring Festival, Double Seventh Festival, Double Ninth Festival, Winter Solstice Festival, Laba Festival, Dragon Boat Festival, Ice Festival (Harbin)

Fun Facts…

  • The official name for China is The People’s Republic of China
  • Hong Kong has more skyscrapers than any other building in the world
  • The Chinese white dolphins are often pink
  • Mandarin is the most spoken first language in the world
  • Ping-pong is one of the most popular games in China
  • The Terracotta Army took 37 years to make
  • Brides in China often wear red as it is considered to be a lucky colour
  • One in every five people in the world are Chinese
  • The Chinese invented the first toilet paper
  • The Giant Panda lives in the mountains of Central China and can not be found in any other place on earth, with an estimated 1000 remaining in the wild
  • China has the largest population in the world
  • The colour of mourning is white, not black
  • The Yangtze River is the 4th longest river in the world
  • China is the 2nd largest economy in the world, following the USA
  • The Summer Olympic Games were hosted in Beijing, 2008 – the most expensive games in history
  • The Great Wall of China is the largest man made structure in the world

 

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